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英语听力技巧:听力中的关键词后置问题

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小编:各种英语听力辅导练习技巧中,英语听力的练习技巧显得尤为重要,并且一些英语听力基础不是很固定的同学就很容易在英语听力练习中出丑。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就整理了听力...

各种英语听力辅导练习技巧中,英语听力的练习技巧显得尤为重要,并且一些英语听力基础不是很固定的同学就很容易在英语听力练习中出丑。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就整理了听力中的关键词后置问题的听力技巧,但愿在你对英语听力练习有所犹豫的时候做出正确的选择。如果你想了解更多的英语资料,不妨也可以测验考试我们的在线英语培训在线英语阅读吧!

关键词后置,是听力中除开同意转换和干扰项以外的另一浩劫点,并且在最近测验中频繁呈现,呈现的部门从Section4一直延升到了Section2,
是听力备考中弗成忽视的问题。

  常见关键词后置分四种环境,别离为:前置定语,后置定语,主谓宾与从句。

  1. 前置定语布局

  前置定语在考题中呈现的形式为“n. ______” 和 “adj. _______”, 即在填空前呈现名词或形容词的关键词。

  在录音中则经常通过修辞布局和句子布局的改变,将关键词后置。

  例1:Cambridge 6 Test 2 Section 3 Question 21

  –Read IT ___________.

  录音:look through catalogues specialised in IT.

  解析:通过修辞布局的改变,把名词前置定语变成分词后置定语,完成关键词后置。

  例2:Cambridge 5 Test 3 Section 3 Question 30

  –Excellent ___________.

  录音:F: OK, any other comments?

  M: I thought student support was excellent.

  解析:通过句子布局的改变,完成关键词后置。

  例3:Cambridge 6 Test 1 Section 3 Question 24

  –Reduced ___________ for students.

  录音:students pay an annual fee that’s much less than the general public
pay.

  解析:通过修辞布局的改变,把形容词前置定语变成从句后置定语,完成关键词后置,同时伴随reduced的同意转换。

  2. 后置定语布局

  后置定语在考题中呈现的形式为“n. prep. ______” 和 “n. p. _______”, 即在填空前呈现关键词如“名词-介词(如of,
for, about, in, on, etc.)”或“名词-分词”。

  在录音中则经常通过修辞布局和句子布局的改变,将名词关键词后置。

  例1:Cambridge 6 Test 4 Section 2 Question 15

  –Will explain about arrangement for ______________ and fire exits.

  录音:He will also go through the security arrangement with you and show you
the fire exits.

  解析:通过修辞布局的改变,把介词短语后置定语变成名词前置定语,完成关键词后置。

  例2:Cambridge 6 Test 2 Section 3 Question 22

  –Spoken to Jane Prince

  Head of the _____________.

  录音:F: Jane Prince, do you know her? She’s in the Computer Centre.

  M: Yes, of course, she is the new head.

  解析:通过句子布局的改变,完成关键词后置。

  例3: Cambridge 6 Test 1 Section 4 Question 32

  –New technology allowed the production of goods made of ________ and
________

  录音:The technology they introduced meant that metal and leather goods were
produced there for the first time.

  解析:通过修辞布局的改变,把分词后置定语变成名词前置定语,完成关键词后置。

  小结:

  1和2类关键词后置凡是呈现于Section2-4的大表格填空中。

  考生须要在读题时事先判断易呈现关键词后置的题目,并且对答案进行预测;而后在听题时利用预测捕获答案,后置的关键词起确认答案的感化。

  因此在平时的学习中要熟悉听力题目中常见的容易呈现关键词后置的布局,培养视觉敏感度;并且熟练掌握语法上定语布局的转换。

  3. 主谓宾布局

  主谓宾在考题中呈现的形式为“subj. pred. __________”, 即在填空前呈现名词(主语)和动词(谓语)的关学英语单词键词。

  在录音中则经常通过主语和宾语位置的调换,以及谓语主动被动之间的转换,或者其它句式变化,将名词关键词后置。

  例1:Cambridge 6 Test 2 Section 2 Question 11 & 12

  –Local services depart from _____________ railway station.

  –National services depart from _____________ railway station.

  录音:F: We’ve got two main train stations in the town. The King Street is for
local commute lines and regional services.

  M: What about trains to London? I’ll need to go there on business for one
day.

  F: Then you need to go to central station, that’s for all the national
services.

  解析:Q11通过主语宾语的位置调换,Q12通过句型转换,完成关键词后置。

  例2:Cambridge 6 Test 2 Section 2 Question 14

  –The price of a first class ticket includes ____________.

  录音:There’s a buffet car, though refreshments are included in the cost of a
first class ticket.

  解析:通过主语宾语的位置调换,完成关键词后置,伴随price-cost的同意转换。

  例3:Cambridge 6 Test 2 Section 4 Question 38

  –The first motion picture was called The__________________.

  录音:So now, there was a real possibility of having films of more than two or
three minutes, and this lead to the making of The Great Train Robbery, the very
first movie made.

  解析:通过句型转换,完成关键词后置,伴随motion picture-movie的同意转换。

  4.从句布局

  从句在考题中呈现的形式为“……. conj. ________”, 即在填空前呈现从句连接词(如when, where, because, as,
if, etc.)。

  在录音中则通过调换连接词前后分句的次序,将填空前的关键词后置。

  例1:Cambridge 5 Test 1 Section 4 Question 36 & 37

  –Research indicates that many women only think about their financial
future when a ________ occurs.

  –It is best for women to start thinking about pensions when they are in
their _______.

  录音:The research indicates that at present for women it takes a crisis to
make them think about their future financial situation. But of course this is
the very worst time for anyone to make any important decisions. Women today need
to look ahead, think ahead, not wait until they’re under pressure. Even women in
their early twenties, need to think about pensions for example.

  解析:通过调换从句中两

个分句的位置,完成关键词后置。

  例2:Cambridge 6 Test 4 Section 4 Question 40

  –In ancient India a man would fight a lion as a test of _____________.

  录音:In ancient India, one of the greatest tests of leadership for a man was
to fight a lion.

  解析:通过调换从句中两个分句的位置,完成关键词后置。

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